Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R), often referred to as physiatry, is a medical specialty dedicated to enhancing and restoring the functional abilities and quality of life for individuals affected by physical impairments or disabilities. This field encompasses a wide range of conditions and injuries, from musculoskeletal disorders and neurological impairments to sports injuries and chronic pain.

PM&R encompasses a diverse range of conditions, including:

1. Musculoskeletal Disorders: These include conditions such as back pain, arthritis, and sports injuries. Physiatrists employ various therapies, exercises, and interventions to improve musculoskeletal function.

2. Neurological Impairments: PM&R plays a crucial role in rehabilitating individuals with neurological conditions like stroke, spinal cord injuries, and traumatic brain injuries. Therapies focus on regaining mobility, strength, and independence.

3. Chronic Pain Management: Physiatrists employ a comprehensive approach to address chronic pain, using techniques such as physical therapy, medication management, and interventional procedures.

4. Pediatric Rehabilitation: Specialized care for children with developmental delays, congenital conditions, or injuries that affect their physical function.

Methods and Approaches in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

The field of PM&R employs a wide array of methods and approaches, including:

1. Physical Therapy: Tailored exercise programs and manual therapies designed to improve mobility, strength, and function.

2. Occupational Therapy: Focused on enhancing the ability to perform daily activities, occupational therapy helps individuals regain independence and adapt to their surroundings.

3. Speech Therapy: For individuals with speech and communication impairments, speech therapy aims to improve verbal and non-verbal communication skills.

4. Assistive Devices and Prosthetics: Physiatrists work with patients to identify and implement assistive devices or prosthetics that enhance mobility and independence.

5. Interventional Procedures: These minimally invasive techniques, such as nerve blocks and injections, provide targeted pain relief for various conditions.

Department Doctors

M.D. İlker Garipoğlu

Obesity Center, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Education Work Experience / Post-Specialization Training Medical Interests

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