Eye health is a crucial factor that significantly affects our overall quality of life. In this context, cataracts, a common problem among eye diseases, can seriously impact an individual’s vision. Cataract refers to the loss of transparency of the eye lens and is often associated with the aging process. Thanks to advances in medical technology today, cataract issues can be successfully addressed. In this article titled ‘Cataract Surgery,’ we have compiled all the important points you need to know about cataracts.
What is Cataract?
Cataract is an eye disease that occurs when the eye lens loses its transparency. This condition usually develops with age, causing the eye lens to become opaque over time and leading to blurred vision. Cataracts can manifest with symptoms such as fading colors, difficulty seeing at night, and sensitivity to light.
Symptoms of Cataracts
Cataract symptoms typically develop gradually. Signs such as blurry vision, fading colors, decreased night vision, and frequent changes in eyeglass prescriptions may indicate the presence of cataracts. If you experience these symptoms, it is important to consult an eye doctor.
Types of Cataracts
There are different types of cataracts, including age-related cataracts, traumatic cataracts, and congenital cataracts, which arise based on the origin and development of the disease. A detailed eye examination by your doctor is essential for an accurate diagnosis.
What is Secondary Cataract?
Secondary cataract is a condition that can develop after cataract surgery. In this situation, vision can become blurry again. Secondary cataracts can be treated with laser therapy, allowing the patient to regain clear vision.
In the early stages of cataracts, vision problems can be alleviated with the use of glasses and contact lenses. However, surgery is the only treatment for cataracts. Here are all the important things to know about cataract surgery:
What to Know About Cataract Surgery
How is Cataract Surgery Performed?
Cataract surgery is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the affected eye lens and its replacement with an artificial lens. This surgery is typically short and performed under local anesthesia.
The surgeon opens the eye surface with a small incision and removes the cloudy natural lens. In its place, a foldable intraocular lens is usually inserted. This lens helps the eye regain its focusing ability.
Recovery After Cataract Surgery
The recovery process after surgery can vary from person to person but is generally quick. Temporary side effects such as mild redness and tearing in the eyes may occur, but these symptoms usually diminish over time.
It is important to follow the instructions recommended by your doctor after the cataract operation. Regular use of eye drops and medications can expedite the healing process. The use of glasses may also be necessary after surgery, but most patients experience clear and improved vision post-surgery.
Cost of Cataract Surgery
The costs of cataract surgery can vary depending on several factors. Factors such as the surgeon’s experience, the technology used, the patient’s overall health, and the clinic where the surgery is performed are among the factors affecting the cost.
Laser Treatment for Cataracts
With advancing technology, the use of lasers in cataract treatment is increasing. Laser cataract treatment allows for the treatment of cataracts without surgical intervention. This method may be considered as an alternative when cataract surgery is not possible or not preferred.
Frequently Asked Questions About Cataracts
The first sign of cataracts is typically blurry or cloudy vision. Fading colors, difficulty seeing at night, and sensitivity to bright lights are among other early symptoms.
Cataracts usually develop with the aging process. However, it can vary in each individual. While it is more commonly observed after the age of 60, it may begin at earlier ages in some people.
The primary cause of cataracts is aging. However, genetic factors, prolonged exposure to sunlight, smoking habits, certain medications, and traumatic eye injuries can also contribute to cataract formation.
In the advanced stages of cataracts, surgical intervention is often inevitable. However, in the early stages, symptoms can be alleviated with the use of glasses or contact lenses.
Before deciding on cataract surgery, it is important to gather detailed information about the risks and benefits of the surgery. Consideration should also be given to the surgical process, post-operative expectations, and management.
Some disadvantages of cataract surgery include the risk of infection, intraocular bleeding, and complications such as clouding of the capsule where the artificial lens is placed (posterior capsular opacification). However, these complications are generally rare and treatable.
Cataract surgery is typically completed within a short period. The procedure usually takes between 15 to 30 minutes and is performed under local anesthesia.
Cataract surgery is generally painless. Since local anesthesia is used, patients do not feel pain during the surgery. Mild discomfort after surgery is normal, but the pain is usually minimal and manageable for most patients.
Wearing dark glasses can reduce sensitivity after surgery. However, this duration varies from individual to individual. It is important to follow your doctor’s recommendations and monitor the healing process.
After cataract surgery, the likelihood of cataract recurrence is quite low. However, situations such as clouding of the capsule where the artificial lens is placed may occur. These situations are treatable. Nevertheless, regular eye examinations after surgical intervention are important.